How to Reload Ammunition & Ammo

Learning how to reload ammunition does not have to be challenging if you have clear easy to follow directions and instructions as are provided in this article.

Reloading ammunition is a fun and safe activity. Those who have been doing this for years find they also have better shooting performance. Not all reloaders operate the exact same way so it is important to read and follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer or your particular reloader when learning how to reload ammunition.

Reloading is a moderately difficult task with an emphasis on accuracy. Most reloaders assist the user with the required accuracy so the project is not as difficult to obtain the desired results.

You will need some basic things to get started with your reloading project.

  • Starter kit for reloading or reloading press
  • Small work area. A table or counter at a comfortable height sitting down works best.
  • Load scale or manual
  • Brass casing
  • Bullets
  • Primers
  • Powder
  • Dies

Work Space

A sturdy table located in a quiet area where you can work undistracted paying attention to details with good concentration is best. You can produce the best product if you mount the reloader press to your table and organize your supplies and equipment in your work area.

Reloader or Reloading Kit

You will need to obtain a reloader press for the type of ammo you are working with or a reloading kit for manual reloading. These can be obtained from a sporting goods store which sells guns and ammo or online.

Load Scale or Manual

Reloaders come with a specific load reference sheet or scale. This reference sheet should be followed to prevent exceeding allowed powder charges.

Brass Casing

Only casings that are from a known source should be reloaded. These should be casings you have previously shot or you have purchased new. The casings should be inspected for any damage prior to reloading.


Can be obtained from sporting goods store that sells guns and ammo or online.


Primers can be purchased from sporting goods stores that sell guns and ammo or online.


Gun powder can be purchased from sporting goods stores that sell guns and ammo or online.

Reloading Steps

1. Depriming

The casing is placed on the reloading press to remove the primer from the hole located in the center of the primer pocket. Some reloaders remove the primer during the sizing stage of reloading. Depriming can also be obtained without a reloading press by using special tools to remove the primer.

2. Resizing

Most reloaders will resize and deprime the casing simultaneously. Resizing assures the cartridge is shaped properly for the best shooting experience. With lubrication and the appropriate collar the case can be resized without a reloader press also.

3. Clean the primer pocket

Any shooting deposit that is on the primer pocket must be cleaned out. This is also a good time to inspect visually the powder pocket for any expansion caused by pressure.

4. Case mouth belled

Clean the case mouth. It is then slightly expanded or belled to allow the heel of the bullet to enter the mouth of the case with finger pressure.

5. Priming

Priming can be accomplished with a reloader press or by using bench or hand tools. Hand held priming allows the person reloading to feel the primer as it touches the pocket bottom. Wearing protective eye wear all oils should be cleaned off the casing prior to priming.

6. Charging

The powder charge is placed into the case by the reloader or by a funnel. Remember the importance of checking the accurate powder scale. Reloaders are usually equipped with a thrower to measure the powder accurately. This allows for an exact set weight to be placed. Consistency with the charging process is vital. It is also important to remember that both loaded and empty cases are dangerous to some degree when you are learning how to reload ammunition.

7. Seating the bullet

The bullet is then placed into the neck of the sized, primed, and charged case using the reloader press and die for seating. Precautions should be provided to prevent loading problems.

8. Finished inspection

The cartridge that has been reloaded is now ready for inspection. Wipe off any remaining case lube from the case. The visual check is completed to make sure everything looks good. After inspection the cartridges should be packed and labeled for storage. Marking the package clearly makes it easy to identify the type of cartridge and date reloaded at a later time.

Whether you are using the reloader press or a manual reloading kit, the process is basically the same for each of the steps. The reloading press can make the process much quicker and more exact with the measurements.

Learning how to reload ammunition is much easier when you follow the step by step process and follow the direction and instructions provided with your reloading press.